The research in this book employs quantitative methods to study the underlying structure of the early English novel. Thirty-nine great novels published before 1914 are analyzed in terms of the emotional implications of their words.Millions of words are quantified with the help of the Dictionary of Affect in Language.Scores are employed to establish an overall emotional description of each novel on the dimension of pleasantness and to reveal its plot structure. Language concreteness and the emotional activation of each novel are also discussed. Interesting findings include the fact that Emma and Little Women are (linguistically) pleasant novels, while Red Badge of Courage and Call of the Wild are unpleasant. Wuthering Heights has a very complex plot structure while Tom Jones has a simple one, basically increasing in pleasantness throughout.Because of its concrete language, tragic plot, and unpleasant tone, Moby-Dick belongs to a group of cold, melancholy novels.
A rethinking of urban economics involves transforming time from a metronomic parameter to an assaying of connection, separation, and memory. Accordingly, what should be the proper weighting of history in analyses of the urban economic environment, and how might the differing takes on the nature of urban space figure in reimagining such analyses?
From a mathematical, social, and historical perspective three types of challenges emerge. For example, the assumption of mathematical continuity, underlying an implicit axiom of mobility, must be counterposed to the virtues of immobility, namely housing security, a social consideration contributing to why housing markets are different.
What follows is a critique of abstracted models in urban economics, as they must be comprehended as narratives, ultimately grounded in history. In the process one may uncover counter-narratives leading to markedly different conclusions, as in the case of rent control or the role of land speculation in urban development.
Ferdinand de Saussure is most famous for his Course in General Linguistics, reconstructed after his death by his students from notes of lectures he had given at the University of Geneva. He only published two books before his death, the Memoir on the Primitive Vowel System in Indo-European Languages, and the book that we publish here for the first time in English translation, On the Use of the Genitive Absolute in Sanskrit.
Originally a doctoral thesis in French written while he was a student at the University of Leipzig, On the Use of the Genitive Absolute in Sanskrit was first published in French in 1881. Here, Saussure explores a neglected area in Sanskrit syntax. Already in this work we find an empirical case of the seminal principle of structural linguistics based on use, a principle for which, after his death, he was to become so famous.
Editor and translator Ananta Sukla has at last rescued this book from neglect. Apart from translating the text in collaboration with late Patrick Thomas, Sukla provides an extensive introduction that clarifies several points illuminating foundation of modern linguistics in ancient Sanskrit grammars, particularly in principles of use.
In this debut, Wang offers an entirely new way of conceptualizing economics and social relations. Drawing from a rich historical analysis of ancient Greece, she provides an exposition of ‘Olympianism’—a stunning program of political economy and identity formation that speaks directly to the crises in the 21st century.
Olympianism comprises a series of distinct economic patterns which shaped the workings of property, labor, money, and knowledge in ancient Greece, around the time of its first democracy. As a comprehensive model, the Olympian system also sustained a set of particular metaphysical, ontological, and sociological narratives which gave rise to a unique subjectivity that was central to early democratic politics.
Through exploring the links among culture, identity, and economics, Before the Market presents a compelling example that highlights the benefits that radical paradigm transformation could bring to societies all around the world.
In probing Leo Strauss’ interpretation of Nietzsche’s political philosophy, this book shows that Strauss’ Nietzsche is a philosopher who, while committed to the contemplative life, launched a theological-political project aimed at emancipating human beings from ecclesiastical tutelage, while laying the groundwork for planetary justice based on a new understanding of the human predicament in the conditions of late modernity. Pace the dominant interpretations of Nietzsche, I argue that Strauss reads Nietzsche as providing an understanding of the political problem in light of the intention of the philosopher as philosopher.
When thoroughly read, Strauss’ re-interpretations of chief philosophical works can be said to take their bearings from the idea that they are unacknowledged dramatizations of Plato’s classical political-philosophical oeuvre par excellence. This book considers Strauss’ interpretation of Nietzsche as a case in point of the aforementioned remark. In doing so, It sheds light on what a philosopher is and on the relationship between politics and philosophy.